How to cite

When using the graphs and charts from this website, please cite Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) as the source of the data and UBC Centre for Migration Studies Canadian Immigration Datahub as the download source. 


Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada. (2022). Permanent Residents – Monthly IRCC Updates Open Government Portal [Data file]. Available from University of British Columbia Canada Migration Datahub.      

Available from, rather than Retrieved from, indicates that the URL takes you to a download site, rather than directly to the data set file itself.

American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association: The official guide to APA style (7th ed.). American Psychological Association.